Impact of low illumination and high noise level on occupational health of Indian handloom weavers : Special reference to Bargarh district of Odisha

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Locally designed handloom workstations with indigenously developed accessories are prevalent in Indian handloom and cottage industries. This handloom sector is highly decentralized and covered under the category of the small-scale cottage industry. Recommended standards pertaining to environmental variables are not followed in work-shed of handloom clusters in Indian scenario. Moreover, the weavers were ignorant about the impact of these environmental factors as well as about the use of personal protective devices. Hence, the weavers of small-scale cottage industries or informal sectors are suffering from different types of psycho-physiological issues leading to poor occupational health. Following literature review, it is found although a lot of work has been done on the indoor environmental issues including noise and illumination in various industrial sectors including the power-loom but scanty or negligible information is available about the work done with respect to handloom sector. Studies on ergonomic evaluation in terms of occupational health, MSD & handloom modification have been carried out in the field of handloom but work on impact of prevalent level of illumination and noise on occupational health of the weaver has never been reported in the context of Indian handloom sector. Illumination and noise are the two crucial parameters which might affect the performance, productivity and psycho-physiological wellbeing of the weavers engaged in handloom sector. Among all the environmental variables, noise and illumination are the two key variables which are persistent throughout the year irrespective of seasonal variation.
Supervisor: Sougata Karmakar