Experimental investigation of lignocellulosic biomass for biogas production

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Intensifying environmental issues, the rising demand for energy, political apprehensions and the medium-way depletion of fossil fuels has generated the prerequisite for development of sustainable technologies based on renewable economic resources. Biogas is one of the potential alternatives biofuels identified so far and is economically feasible, which might be benefit to meet the future energy supply demands as well as contributing to a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Traditionally, livestock dung has been utilized as feedstock for biogas production but due to unavailability, imbalances and failure occurs in large scale biogas plants, lignocellulosic biomass has attained huge attention. Lignocellulosic biomass acknowledged as the most abundant low cost resources for renewable energy generation across the globe. The socio-economic implication is also very prodigious. Energy crops, saw dust, marine weeds, agricultural residues or waste vegetables and woody plants fall under this category. The benefit of using this class of biomass does not compete with the arable land. In the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries lignocellulosic biomass disposed of openly, which origins environmental pollutions as well as root cause for many diseases. Although the complex structure of lignocellulosic biomass is a challenge for its utilization as feedstock in anaerobic digestion system.
Supervisors: Pinakeswar Mahanta and Latha Rangan