Characterization of newcastle disease virus from Northeast India and development of its alternate diagnostic and control measure

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Livestock is an essential part of human society. The scarcity of livestock will result in food insecurity, malnutrition, diseases, economic losses and widespread poverty. Improving the availability of livestock, in particular, healthy livestock is a condition sine qua non for a policy aiming at the reduction of mass poverty. Reaching this goal is an uphill struggle. Poverty itself is the main stumbling block for poverty reduction. The poor are lacking the means to invest in an infrastructure that would enhance their capacity to increase the availability and quality of energy, food, water, sanitation, and health care. The poorest people often are destined to live in the environmentally worst areas, on the least fertile soils, the ecologically most vulnerable land, with the least economic perspective.Poultry comprises the second largest share of the livestock industry after pork, throughout the world. According to world-leading organisations like the FAO and USDA, poultry meat production is expected to register a CAGR of 3.4% by 2023, which would supersede all other livestock productions. In such situations, it becomes invariably important to cater to the needs for sustainable development of this industry. The major obstacle for poultry producers comes from infectious diseases. Such diseases not only reduce trade and consumer confidence but result in implications of legal trade restrictions causing long term economic casualties.
Supervisor: Sachin Kumar