Conflicting Techological Systems in Textile Industry: A Study of Selected Handloom and Powerloom Industries in Odisha

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Indigenous knowledge systems have been produced by local people to get in touch with environment by living in a particular area across generations and helps people in decision-making about their fundamental activities. The Western knowledge systems, depicted as widespread and reliable, have marginalized and dominated indigenous knowledge systems and have an unfavorable impact on all forms of performances of indigenous knowledge system which has resulted in marginalization or in some cases loss of practices of indigenous knowledge systems. Legal, government and academic channels transmit such ethnocentric knowledge to promote capitalist and often ecologically destructive policies and practices. The current system of erosion of indigenous knowledge system is in progress because of rapid growth of population, global markets, learning system and growth process related to rapid transformation and cultural homogenization. The intercontinental market-oriented fabric production focused on only mounting the manufacture and undervaluing the nearby custom-made handloom technologies in this manner responsible for the attrition of indigenous expertise namely handloom. Even the governmentsponsored strategies and proposals do not have any realistic practicability at the proletariat level. With increasing poverty powerlooms are selected over environmentallysound local practices such as handlooms. With escalating paucity, the weavers for instance may also have very less time and very fewer resources to uphold the exciting character of indigenous knowledge through their local researches and innovations in that way contributing to the predicament of the handloom industry. With ready accessibility of low-priced powerloom fabric the diversified handloom cloth seems less pertinent.
Supervisors: Sambit Mallick and Liza Das