Study of Horizontal Education Inequalities in Bodoland Territorial Area Districts of Assam

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This thesis studies educational attainments of different socio-religious groups of population in a particularly political conflicts affected region of Bodoland Territorial Area Districts of Assam. While at the outset the focus is on educational attainments of different socio-religious groups of population in the BTAD, it is however investigated within the context of recurrent political (often violent) conflicts recorded in this region over a period of time. Motivation for taking up this research is two-fold. First BTAD of Assam has been at the center of discussion with respect to violent political conflicts between two or more socio-religious groups of population and the researcher being a Bodo himself had particular interest in studying this region. Secondly the human development achievements (including education) of BTAD are one of the lowest in Assam. While low human development achievements can be the result of various process of underdevelopment, a region such as BTAD has an additional characteristic of being affected by recurrent conflicts.The economics of development literature and in the recent times, the human development paradigm has dealt with the issue of horizontal inequalities or group based inequalities in specific socio-economic settings. The linkages between political dimensions and other socio-economic dimensions of human development are of great research interest. We have taken help of this literature to understand the two way relationship between political conflicts and underdevelopment. While this thesis does not explicitly focus on the role of political conflicts, it does investigate the presence of horizontal education inequalities in a particularly conflict affected region.
Supervisor: Rajshree Bedamatta