Biohydrogen production from crude glycerol: Process optimization and intensification

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The proposed thesis work is aimed at optimization and intensification of a biochemical process for producing hydrogen from biodiesel–derived crude glycerol. The micro–organism used for in this study is Clostridium pasteurianum, which has a higher potential for biohydrogen production. This study aims in enriching H2 producing Clostridium pasteurianum by optimizing the physio–chemical parameters for maximal H2 production by using response surface methodology. This is followed by kinetic and thermodynamic analysis of hydrogen production for both pure and crude glycerol as substrate for fermentation. Similarly statistical optimization of the media components was also considered as one of the approach to intensify H2 production. Further to maximize valuable metabolite production, extensive analysis and understanding of metabolic pathways is required so as to redirect the cellular metabolic pathways primarily towards its production. An in silico metabolic flux model has been formulated for this analysis that determines the complete intracellular fluxes of all metabolites from experimentally measured fluxes. This methodology was used for comparative analysis of mechanical shaking and ultrasound-assisted fermentation for H2 production. The flux analysis results were further corroborated by targeting the genes involved in glycerol-hydrogen pathway of C. pasteurianum which involved overexpression of Fe-only hydrogenase encoded by hydA and the enzymes involved in glycerol metabolism encoded by dhaD and dhaK. The hydrogen production efficiency was compared between the wild type and recombinant strain of C. pasteurianum using crude glycerol as the substrate.
Supervisors: Vijayanand S. Moholkar and Vikash Kumar Dubey